Born in 1925 in Cologne, Germany

 

Second Son of 5 Boys in Family; Father was a Rabbi

 

Fled to Strassbourg, France, as soon as Hitler came to power in 1933

 

Father was Rabbi of Community in Vichy France until government fell to Nazis in 1940

 

Moved with family to various places in France

 

Finally fled to Switzerland in 1942

 

Left Switzerland for U.S. in 1947

 

Educated in U.S., where he raised his family

 

Jews in Germany before and during WW II

 

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?ModuleId=10005276

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005469

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?ModuleId=10005201

1.

Encyclopedia Entries, International School for Holocaust Studies - Germany

 

 

2.

Microsoft Word - Microsoft Word - 6255.DOC

8.

microsoft word - 5741.pdf

16.

microsoft word - 5771.pdf

 

France in WW II

http://www1.yadvashem.org/education/entries/english/18.asp

 

Jews in Vichy France

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005429

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/VichyRegime.html

3.

Microsoft Word - Microsoft Word - 5857.DOC

http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/stlouis/teach/supread2.htm#three

 

 

Jews fleeing to Switzerland

http://www.iht.com/articles/1999/12/11/swiss.2.t_3.php