Born in 1925 in Cologne, Germany


Second Son of 5 Boys in Family; Father was a Rabbi


Fled to Strassbourg, France, as soon as Hitler came to power in 1933


Father was Rabbi of Community in Vichy France until government fell to Nazis in 1940


Moved with family to various places in France


Finally fled to Switzerland in 1942


Left Switzerland for U.S. in 1947


Educated in U.S., where he raised his family


Jews in Germany before and during WW II


Encyclopedia Entries, International School for Holocaust Studies - Germany




Microsoft Word - Microsoft Word - 6255.DOC


microsoft word - 5741.pdf


microsoft word - 5771.pdf


France in WW II


Jews in Vichy France


Microsoft Word - Microsoft Word - 5857.DOC



Jews fleeing to Switzerland