• Martha Younger was born March 9,1923 in Svalyava, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) one of six children to Joseph and Dora Birnbaum.
  • Mrs. Younger led a normal child hood for that time. Her father had a thriving textile business in which Mrs. Younger worked from the age of 10. Mrs. Younger was the most active of all the children in the business. The family was affluent however she still worked six days a week. The work ethic was something very important to the family. The family was strictly orthodox. Martha's first brush with anti Jewish sentiment was as a schoolgirl where she was required to attend school on Saturday. Her father used every influential connection he had to have her excused, but to no avail.
  • In the Spring of 1944 the town was overtaken by the Nazis and the entire family was deported to Auschwitz concentration camp. Mr. Joseph Younger was killed almost instantly and the rest of the family by a miracle of hashem survived. Martha and her mother and one sister spent their time together they were liberated by the Russians in 1945.
  • They emigrated to the USA, the were liberated by the Russians in 1945 children all married and one settled in Israel. Mrs Dora Birnbaum always lived with Martha's family till she died in 1961.