• Born in Rovno, Poland, now Western Ukraine. Lived there until July, 1941.
  • As German army invaded, Russians retreated to Siberia and allowed many Jews to accompany them on the trains headed east.
  • Mark traveled with a group of Jewish teenagers. Parents stayed behind. They were killed three months later in mass execution.
  • In Siberia, lived with a Christian family in one room apartment and worked in an office.
  • When the cold became unbearable, moved south to Uzbekistan.
  • Attended university in Uzbekistan to avoid being drafted by Soviet Army
  • One day, sitting on a park bench, he met his brother who had also escaped Poland. They had not seen each other since
  • After war, Mark graduated University in Munich, and moved to Israel in 1951.
  • Met his future wife Slava on the ship to Israel.
  • Slava was born in Vilna. At 9 years old she was a victim of a Nazi massacre. She was shot in the leg and left for dead in a mass grave. Later that night, she climbed out of the grave, over hundreds of bodies. She ran to a nearby farm house. The Christian family living there was afraid and directed the little girl to another farm where her 17 year old sister was hiding. It took her three days to walk to her sister. She survived the war in hiding.
  • Slava and Mark were married soon after arriving in Israel
  • In 1956, they heard that Syria was starting a war with Israel and that the Soviets would send support to Syria. Fearing another Holocaust, they decided to leave Israel.
  • They settled in Brazil and later moved to the U.S.