• Born in Nuernberg, Germany
  • Witnessed "Kristallnacht" at which time everything in the apartment I lived in with my parents and younger brother was destroyed.
  • Left for Paris, France, at the end of December 1938.
  • Fled to the south of France in June 1940, lived there legally until 1942, at which time I lived in various places with false papers, more or less hidden by French people you were part of the Resistance.
  • Joined the French underground (Maquis) in 1944, returned to Paris in 1945, worked there for the American Headquarters, first in the Censorship Division, then in Graves Registration, until I left for the U.S. in January 1947.

  

Nurenberg, Germany (before WWII)

 

http://www.jewishgen.org/GerSIG/

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/7279/nurnphoto.html

http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/nuremberg2/nuremberg2.html

http://www.jewishgen.org/GerSIG/communities-n.htm

 

  

Kristallnacht

http://fcit.coedu.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/document/DocKNach.htm 

1.

November 15: Jewish Children Banned from German Schools

2.

Kristallnacht
 

3.

This Month in Holocaust History

 

 

http://www1.yadvashem.org.il/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%206461.pdf

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/kristallnacht.html

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/kristalltoc.html

http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/kristallnacht/frame.htm
http://www.chgs.umn.edu/Educational_Resources/Curriculum/Broken_Threads/Kristallnacht/kristallnacht.html

http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/viewer/wlc/photo.php?RefId=64675

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?ModuleId=10005201

http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/focus/kristallnacht_02/

http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/knacht.html

http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/DOCUMENT/DOCKNACH.HTM

http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/GALLFR2/broken.htm

http://www.aish.com/holocaust/overview/Kristallnacht.asp

 

Paris Jewish Community during WWII…Jews in France

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/France.html#Holocaust

1.

Microsoft Word - 258.DOC

 

 

2.

microsoft word - 5703.pdf

 

 

5. Encyclopedia Entries - France

 

Microsoft Word - Microsoft Word - 5857.DOC

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005365

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005429

 

Hiding the Jews

http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/2000_2009/2003/6/The%20Righteous%20Among%20the%20Nations

 

 

French Resistance, Underground

 

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_oi.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10006587&MediaId=4557

http://www.ushmm.org/education/foreducators/resource/pdf/resistance.pdf

(read page 36-37)

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_nm.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005213&MediaId=1577

(map)