• Born in  Bushtyno, Czechoslovakia. Area of Monkacs
  • In 1940, when he was 15, he left for Budapest to study.
  • In 1941 the persecution began, Half of his town were sent to Ukraine, including his brother with his children. on August 27-28, 23,600 were killed in Tama Expodov (like Babi Yar)
  • In spring 44 he was taken to force labor camp in west Hungary.
  • Then on train to concentration camp in Germany. He worked in Badrtislava.
  • March 22, 1945 sent on the Death March to Mauthausen
  • On May 4, 1945 liberated from a subcamp of Mauthausen--Guntz Kirchen-- by the US army.
  • He was 3 years in a DP camp in Germany and joined the Hashomer Hatsayirr.
  • 1947 went by foot to Austria, they were caught and from there to Italy and on Illegal immigration to Palestine on the ship (Patria) to Palestine.
  • He was caught by the British and put in Cyprus.
  • 1949 joined the Israeli army and fought in Gadud 12.

 

 

Munkacs

http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/Mukachevo/

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005791

http://www.bh.org.il/swj/country.php?country=5&places=20

Death Marches
http://www1.yadvashem.org.il/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%206260.pdf

  

Mauthausen

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005196

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/mauthausen.html

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_cm.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005196&MediaId=136

 

Patria

http://www.jewishmag.com/46mag/patria/patria.htm

 

Illegal Immigration to pre-1948 Israel

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205727.pdf

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005776

 

2.

microsoft word - 5727.pdf

 

19.

Microsoft Word - 82.DOC

.

This Month in Holocaust History

10.

This Month in Holocaust History

 

 

15.

microsoft word - 727.pdf