• Born in 1934 in Warsaw, Poland (born Alex Radzinski).
  • Lived in Praga section of Warsaw.
  • Has one younger sister.
  • Father manufactured and sold furniture in his factory and retail store in Praga, Warsaw.
  • Mother was a teacher in a Jewish school.
  • After the Nazis took over Poland in September 1939, they established a ghetto in Warsaw. Alex’s family was forced to move from their spacious apartment to the cramped ghetto.
  • Lived in Warsaw ghetto until right before uprising in 1943.
  • Parents wanted to escape ghetto because of mass liquidations.
  • In 1943, escaped with his father, mother and sister by crossing the ghetto walls with non-Jewish traders.
  • After his escape, Alex’s mother made arrangements for him to live with the Kosmans, a Christian Polish family. Mr. Kosman had worked for his father.
  • Alex’s mother, father, and sister were hidden in separate locations.
  • Alex moved in with Kosman family in Christian Warsaw but neighborhood children began to ask questions about the child living with them, so Mr. Kosman moved the family to a small village, Nowe Miasto (near the Pilica river), away from danger.
  • Alex lived in this small village until the Russians liberated Poland in 1945.
  • Alex’s father was killed just a few days before the Russians liberated Warsaw.
  • After liberation, Alex’s mother brought him and his sister to live with her in Warsaw. His mother wanted to send him out of Poland but she couldn’t send him to the United States because of strict quota on Polish nationals.
  • In 1947, Alex left with a group of Jewish orphans to England. This group was organized and sponsored by Rabbi Solomon Schonfeld, who made it his mission to save young Jews.
  • Alex lived and learned in a yeshiva in England with many other children from Poland and Hungary until his quota number was called.
  • In 1951, Alex left England and came to the United States and lived with his aunt and uncle in New York (his father’s brother and sister-in-law who had immigrated before World War II).
  • Alex’s mother and sister remained in Poland until he was able to send for them after he got married in 1963.
  • Alex is married and has three children and numerous grandchildren.

 

America and the Holocaust

 

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005182

 

Film—America and the Holocaust

 

 

Holocaust: The Untold Story

 

Rev. Coughlin

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX96.html

 

Breckenridge Long

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX90.html

 

Will Rogers

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX105.html

 

The Bergson Boys

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX88.html

 

Rabbi Stephen Wise

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX101.html

 

Henry Morgenthau

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX97.html

 

The film: Holocaust: The Untold Story

http://www.newseum.org/holocaust/credits.htm

The common belief that Hitler’s death camps were a secret — is a myth.
During the years 1939-1945 when World War II was fought in Europe, Americans relied on newspapers to get the latest news from the front. Many reports of nazi "extermination camps" filter out to the mainstream American press, but the story rarely makes the front page of the nation’s most respected newspapers. If a reader searches the New York Times front pages they could miss the horrific stories about Nazi Germany’s systematic murder of more than 6 million Jews. But the story gradually emerges in grim detail as editors bury the stories in their newspapers’ back pages.

Many stories that do get reported miss the fact that Jews are the primary targets for execution. The press fails to recognize that Hitler is fighting two wars: One against the allies, and one against the Jews.

Several haunting questions emerge from these findings: If the press had pursued the story and highlighted its urgency, could it have influenced public opinion and in turn, government policy? If the press focused on this story, could lives have been saved?

 

Volunteers helping pre-1948 Israel and acquiring arms

 

http://www.israelvets.com/story_aliyahbet_machal.html

http://www.israelvets.com/pictorialhist_acquiring_arms.html

http://www.israelvets.com/home.html