• Born in Staszow, Poland on July 2, 1922.
  • Went to Polish school in the morning and Jewish school in the afternoon.
  • On November 9, 1942 the Nazis started to deport Jews from Stashov. Sam escaped on November 8 by hiding in the barn of a Polish peasant but, his father was killed in this deportation.
  • The Nazis knew that many escaped this deportation. The Nazis promised that those who returned would be allowed to live peacefully in one of four cities. This was a lie and most were sent to Treblinka. Two of Sam’s sisters were killed in Treblinka.
  •  Sam listened to the Nazis and went to the town of Sandomiev and a ghetto was established there.
  • Sam worked in an ammunition factory in Skarzysko.  One brother was with Sam the other went to Israel on Aliyah Bet.
  • In September 1944, the Nazis evacuated the camp and took the Jewish inmates to Schlieben, Germany. Ukrainians were the guards there.
  • On April 24, 1945 he was taken to Theresienstadt where the Czeck police were in charge.
  • On May 10, 1945, Sam was liberated by the Russians.
  • He applied to go to Israel but, the British said no.
  • He went to Landsberg, Germany. The army had a base there. The United Nations Relief Agency took over the camp.
  • Sam’s mom had two sisters in Chicago. He and his brother came to Chicago to January 24, 1948.