• Born in Warsaw, Poland in 1930.
  • At age 3, she and her mother joined her father in Lisbon, Portugal where Eva spent most of her childhood.
  • In Lisbon, the Buchbleter family led the life of “crypto-Jews”, similar to the Jews who hid their identity during the Spanish Inquisition. Outwardly they were Catholics, inwardly Jews.
  • Eva attended public school which was steeped in Catholicism. She had to learn the catechism, and kiss the cardinal’s ring.
  • Portugal was a fascist country, sympathetic to Hitler.
  • Eva’s family had limited contact with their family in the Warsaw Ghetto.
  • Eva’s father was increasingly worried that the Nazis would invade Portugal.
  • In 1942, funds were raised by Eleanor Roosevelt and the Quakers to rescue refugee children and send them by ship to safety in the U.S. Lisbon was one of the few European ports open for this.
  • Eva’s father was able to get Eva on one of these ships called the Serpa Pinto.
  • Eva sailed on the Serpa Pinto in 1943 at age 13 without any family and not knowing a word of English.
  • She was taken in by a Jewish foster family in St. Louis, MO. She still maintains contact with this family.
  • In 1949 her parents were able to escape to the U.S.
  • Eva married fellow survivor Uszer Ozarowski.