• Born in Danzig, Poland on January 15, 1921.
  • He was the oldest of 8 children and the only one to survive the Holocaust.
  • Before the war, his father was a Rosh Yeshiva in a nearby town. Michael was sent to learn in a yeshiva in Baranovich.
  • When the war broke out, he moved to Kaluszyn (50 Km from Warsaw). The ghetto in Kaluszyn was liquidated and Michael went to Warsaw. Michael's father was the chavruta partner of the Rabbi in Warsaw. So, Michael went and hid in the Yeshiva there.
  • His job was to take dead bodies out of the ghetto. When the ghetto was being liquidated, he ran into Russia.
  • Michael was hiding in the Baranovich Yeshiva (where he had gone to school) and was caught there by the Russians. He was sent to the Gulag prison for about 6 months.
  • After he was released from prison, he worked as a lumberjack near the Volga River for 2 years.
  • When the war was over, he was liberated from Russia and went to Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
  • He was drafted into the Polish Army. He deserted the army because it was very anti-Semitic and he was afraid that he would be killed.
  • He went back to Warsaw, then Lodz and Czechoslovakia.
  • He was in Prague (Russian controlled) and was able to bribe some Italian soldiers to get him to Pilsen (US controlled).
  • From Pilsen he went to Nuremberg which was completely destroyed. The then went to Austria and to Italy.
  • His uncle in Chicago found out that he was alive and got him papers to come to the USA.
  • Michael arrived in the United States in 1948.
  • He had a very large family and only he and one of his uncles survived the Holocaust. This uncle was in Siberia during the war
  • and they reunited after the war was over.